Can anemia in pregnancy harm my baby?

Can anemia cause birth defects?

Untreated folate deficiency can increase your risk of having a: Preterm or low-birth-weight baby. Baby with a serious birth defect of the spine or brain (neural tube defects)

How does anemia affect baby during pregnancy?

Anemia may cause your baby to not grow to a healthy weight. Your baby may also arrive early (preterm birth) or have a low birth weight. Anemia is usually found during a routine blood test for hemoglobin or hematocrit levels. Treatment depends on the type of anemia and how bad it is.

What is considered severe anemia in pregnancy?

Severe anemia in pregnancy (Hb <7 g/dL) requires urgent medical treatment and Hb <4 g/dL is an emergency carrying a risk of congestive cardiac failure, sepsis and death. Physiological adaptation in pregnancy leads to physiological anemia of pregnancy.

What happens if you go into labor with anemia?

Women who are anemic are twice as likely to go into labor early and three times as likely to deliver a baby with low birth weight. Further, their babies are more likely to be iron deficient and experience delayed growth and development as well as behavior abnormalities, even after they are given iron.

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What are the complications of anemia in pregnancy?

Severe anemia during pregnancy increases your risk of premature birth, having a low birth weight baby and postpartum depression. Some studies also show an increased risk of infant death immediately before or after birth.

Can anemia cause miscarriage?

Can anemia cause miscarriage? Anemia itself doesn’t directly cause miscarriage. But it could be a sign of a thyroid condition that may slightly increase the risk of pregnancy loss. Very rarely, hypothyroidism can cause anemia during pregnancy.

What should a pregnant woman with anemia eat?

Preventing Anemia

  • Eat iron-rich foods such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dried beans and fortified grains. …
  • Eat foods high in folic acid, such as dried beans, dark green leafy vegetables, wheat germ and orange juice.
  • Eat foods high in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits and fresh, raw vegetables.

How can I raise my iron levels quickly?

If you have iron-deficiency anemia, taking iron orally or getting iron administered intravenously along with vitamin C is often the fastest way to raise your iron levels.

Food sources of vitamin B12 include:

  1. Meat.
  2. Chicken.
  3. Fish.
  4. Eggs.
  5. Fortified breads, pasta, rice, and cereals.

How long does it take to recover from anemia?

With treatment, most people recover from iron-deficiency anemia in 2 to 3 months. You may need to take iron supplements for several months longer, though, to build up your reserves of iron.

How do I know if my anemia is severe?

Symptoms

  1. Extreme fatigue.
  2. Weakness.
  3. Pale skin.
  4. Chest pain, fast heartbeat or shortness of breath.
  5. Headache, dizziness or lightheadedness.
  6. Cold hands and feet.
  7. Inflammation or soreness of your tongue.
  8. Brittle nails.
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When do you treat anemia in pregnancy?

If Hb is < 11.5 g/dL at the onset of pregnancy, consider treating women prophylactically. Treat the cause of the anemia if possible, but if patients have severe symptoms, transfusion is usually indicated.