Frequent question: How do I know if my child has hydrocephalus?

What are the key signs of hydrocephalus in a child?

What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus in a child?

  • A full or bulging soft spot on the top of your baby’s head (fontanel)
  • Increasing head size (circumference)
  • Seizures.
  • Bulging eyes and not being able to look up when facing forward.
  • Visible scalp veins.
  • Irritability.
  • High-pitched cry.
  • Poor feeding.

At what age is hydrocephalus diagnosed?

Hydrocephalus can occur at any age, but is most common in infants and adults age 60 and older. It affects adult males and females, as well as people of different races, about equally. Experts believe that normal-pressure hydrocephalus accounts for five to six percent of all dementia cases.

How do you rule out hydrocephalus?

How is normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) diagnosed?

  1. Imaging tests. A CT scan or MRI of the head is done to look for enlarged ventricles in the brain.
  2. Cerebrospinal fluid tests. These tests include a spinal tap and external lumbar drainage. …
  3. Gait analysis (walking). This is a timed walk test. …
  4. Neuropsychological testing.

What do I need to watch for if my child has hydrocephalus?

What are the symptoms of hydrocephalus?

  • A full or bulging fontanel (soft spot located on the top of the head)
  • Increasing head circumference (size)
  • Seizures.
  • Bulging eyes and an inability of the baby to look upward with the head facing forward.
  • Prominent scalp veins.
  • Increased irritability.
  • High-pitched cry.
  • Poor feeding.
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How does a child get hydrocephalus?

Cause of Hydrocephalus

Older children or adults with an abnormal growth in the head (tumor) or a head injury can develop hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus has two base causes: the bloodstream is not fully absorbing the fluid due to a damaged filter in the brain and / or the flow of fluid within the ventricles is blocked.

Can a child with hydrocephalus walk?

Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.

How do I know if my baby has a swollen brain?

What are the symptoms of encephalitis in a child?

  1. Fever.
  2. Headache.
  3. Bulging of the soft spots on a baby’s head (fontanelles)
  4. Sensitivity to light.
  5. Neck stiffness.
  6. Sleepiness.
  7. Lack of energy (lethargy)
  8. Increased irritability.

How long can babies live with hydrocephalus?

What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

Can a child with hydrocephalus live a normal life?

There is no cure for hydrocephalus, but with timely diagnosis and treatment, children with hydrocephalus can lead normal lives. They will require close care from physicians, neurosurgeons and sometimes neurologists as well.

What is mild hydrocephalus?

Hydrocephalus, also called water in the brain, is a condition where there is an abnormal build up of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in the cavities (ventricles) of the brain. The build-up is often caused by an obstruction that prevents proper fluid drainage.

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What will happen if hydrocephalus is not treated?

Without treatment, hydrocephalus results in compromised mental functioning, visual disturbances, walking difficulty, incontinence, and reduced conscious state.