Quick Answer: What causes meningitis in child?

How does a child get bacterial meningitis?

Causes of Meningitis in Children

Older infants and children usually develop infection through contact with respiratory secretions (such as saliva or mucus from the nose) containing the bacteria that cause meningitis.

How do I know if my child has meningitis?

Common signs & symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia in babies and toddlers.

  1. Fever, cold hands and feet.
  2. Refusing food and vomiting.
  3. Fretful, dislike being handled.
  4. Drowsy, floppy, unresponsive.
  5. Rapid breathing or grunting.
  6. Pale, blotchy skin. Spots/rash.
  7. Unusual cry, moaning.
  8. Tense, bulging fontanelle (soft spot)

What causes meningitis?

Meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. A bacterial or viral infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord usually causes the swelling. However, injuries, cancer, certain drugs, and other types of infections also can cause meningitis.

How can I prevent my baby from getting meningitis?

Vaccines to prevent infections that can lead to bacterial meningitis in babies are:

  1. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine. This protects against H. …
  2. Pneumococcal (PCV13) vaccine. This protects against meningitis due to many strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae. …
  3. Meningococcal vaccine.
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Can a child get meningitis if vaccinated?

Types of meningitis: viral and bacterial

Bacterial meningitis (several types of bacteria are involved) is a very serious disease. It occurs rarely in developed countries (because of the success of vaccines), but when it does occur, children under the age of two are at greatest risk.

Is meningitis inherited?

Historically, there have been dreadful meningitis epidemics, but be assured that it never is a hereditary disease. Different forms of relatively common meningitis can be caused either by viruses or bacteria.

Does meningitis go away?

It often goes away on its own and usually does not cause permanent damage or disability. It’s most prevalent in the spring and summer because that’s when the enterovirus, one of the most common causes of meningitis, tends to be circulating in communities. It’s not always easy to make a meningitis diagnosis.

What bacteria causes meningitis?

Causes

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae.
  • Group B Streptococcus.
  • Neisseria meningitidis.
  • Haemophilus influenzae.
  • Listeria monocytogenes.
  • Escherichia coli.

What are the first symptoms of meningitis?

Meningitis and septicaemia can kill in hours – know the symptoms. The first symptoms are usually fever, vomiting, headache and feeling unwell. Limb pain, pale skin, and cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash, neck stiffness, dislike of bright lights and confusion.

How bad is meningitis?

Meningitis can be very serious if not treated quickly. It can cause life-threatening blood poisoning (septicaemia) and result in permanent damage to the brain or nerves. A number of vaccinations are available that offer some protection against meningitis.

Is there a vaccine for meningitis?

Vaccines can help prevent meningococcal disease, which is any type of illness caused by Neisseria meningitidis bacteria. There are 2 types of meningococcal vaccines available in the United States: Meningococcal conjugate or MenACWY vaccines (Menactra®, Menveo®, and MenQuadfi®)

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How does a baby get a brain infection?

Brain infections occur from an infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Infants may acquire a brain infection from their mother prior to or during birth.